Many boat owners are missing out on opportunities to earn extra cash (or make a living), letting their craft sit at a marina unused or setting sail without any paying passengers along for the ride. Captain’s licenses are required to legally carry “passengers for hire” — essentially, having a license enables you to book charters for things like fishing, sightseeing, or getting around town on the water.
While it might seem like an overwhelming process or not worth the hassle, a captain’s license really is worth it.
Yes, you have to take a course (usually 7 to 10 days spread out over a few weeks), spend a bit of money upfront (the cost ranges from $500 to $800), and fill out some paperwork…but that’s a small investment when you think of all the money you’ll be able to make by booking charters on your boat. We know boat captains who recoup — and even triple or quadruple — their captain’s license fee in just one weekend of charters.
Here’s how the captain’s licensing process works — and what you’ll need to do it.
For starters, you’ll need to decide which type of captain’s license you want. There are two types:
The Operator license is for unsuspected
vessels (ie: boats that hold up to 6 passengers, weigh up to 100 gross tons, and travel up to 100 miles offshore). These are sometimes called a 6-pack license (because Operator boats hold 6 people, not because your passengers can crush a 6-pack of beer…).
The Master license is for inspected vessels (larger boats that can carry 7 or more passengers) that travel up to 200 miles offshore or on inland waters.
Once you determine which license you want, you’ll need to provide proof of a few simple items:
- That you’re at least 18 years of age (if you can’t vote, then ya ain’t getting a boat)
- Some basic health information (a completed physical exam, a drug screen, and up-to-date CPR/First Aid training in the past year)
- 360 days on the water, with 90 of those days in the last three years (there are additional factors for the Master license, which you can read about on the US Coast Guard site here).
The remainder of the process involves taking a captain’s license course, passing the comprehensive exam, and then getting your license from the US Coast Guard!
We know what you’re thinking: “A course and an exam?! But it’s been years since I’ve taken any classes or tests!”
Before you get SAT test-induced anxiety, let us break the process down for you.
The captain’s license exam covers three general areas of knowledge: coastal navigation, deck knowledge, and “rules of the road.” Questions touch on things like safety, boat terminology, lights and sound signals, as well as tides, nautical charts, and boating regulations. There are plenty of example questions and practice tests online (click here to see questions straight from previous USCG exams).
If you’re an avid boater, you likely already know a lot of this stuff. The captain’s license course will refresh your memory on more complicated topics like regulation and prepare you for the exam (which includes multiple choice, written questions, and plotting on a navigational chart). In order to get your license, you must score at least a 70% on the general portion of the test and at least 90% on the Rules of the Road section.
And there you have it! Once you pass the exam, just send in your paperwork (or have your course center do it) to the US Coast Guard. In less than a couple of weeks, you should have shiny new captain’s license waiting in your mailbox.
Plus, captain’s licenses last for five years. That’s five full years of earning money right from your boat.